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impact of climate change on fisheries pdf

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Science-based fishery management is the accepted cornerstone of sustainable fisheries in Alaska, and fishermen attending the meeting accepted the data and the decision. )Tj -25.4719 -1.237 Td M arine fishing and aquaculture exploit these ecosystems to provide 11 % of global average animal protein intake, and demand for fish products is expected to rise over coming decades. )]TJ 3.2019 0 Td 18.1045 0 Td 23.8575 0 Td -25.5952 -1.2143 Td /T1_1 1 Tf /T1_0 1 Tf Dr Essam Yassin Mohammed . )-423.7 (Graham)-364.8 (NAJ,)-364.8 (Wilson)-364.8 (SK,)-364.8 (Jenn)-29.6 (ings)-364.8 (S,)-364.8 (Polun)-29.6 (in)-364.8 (NVC,)-364.8 (Bijoux)-364.8 (JP,)-364.8 (Robinson)-364.8 (J)]TJ [(435:336)-89.7 (\226340. -13.6551 -1.2143 Td )-423.6 (Brander)-337.6 (KM,)-337.6 (Mohn)-337.6 (RK)-337.6 (\(2004\))]TJ (Building)Tj Impacts of Climate Change Climate change affects almost every aspect of our lives from water supply and agriculture to homes and communities. 8.601 0 Td T* )-423.7 (Jensen)-337.6 (AS)-337.6 (\(1939\))]TJ -23.9664 -1.2143 Td /T1_1 1 Tf Climate change drivers could impact fisheries by causing changes in latitudinal and depth ranges, contracting and increasing distributions, changing phonology, increasing local species variety and increase of nutrient poor areas. ET <>stream (Science)Tj fishery managers, fish biologists, fishery scientists and fishers) need to be informed regarding the likely impacts of climate change. )Tj 0 0 0 1 k (\(2006\))Tj <> [(Can)-263.4 (J)-263.4 (Fish)-263.4 (Aquat)-263.4 (Sci)]TJ 5.6791 0 Td /T1_0 1 Tf Climate Change Impact on Forests Effects of Temperature, Precipitation, and CO 2 Concentration Change. Inland fisheries are additionally threatened by changes in precipitation and water management. -20.0998 -1.2143 Td [(Fisher)-29.6 (ies)-183.8 (in)-183.8 (Fiji)-183.8 (Islands)-183.8 (and)-183.8 (Kir)-29.6 (ibati)]TJ The Japan Fisheries Research and Education Agency (FRA) and Japanese prefectural institutes of fisheries have monitored oceanic environments, e.g., water temperature, salinity, plankton concentration, etc., and status of marine resources since the 1950s. Fishers are front‐line observers of changes occurring both on the coast and in the sea and are among the first people to … Climate change and acidification are altering ocean ecosystems in profound ways, with consequent impacts on fisheries and aquaculture. 2018). Freshwater fishery professionals (e.g. 1.6883 -1.2143 Td Known and potential climate change effects must be incorporated into existing fisheries management plans and strategic plans will need to be revisited to ensure that they reflect anticipated changes. 3.0518 0 Td [(46. [(Impacts,)-293.4 (Adaptation,)-293.4 (and)-293.4 (Vulnerabilit)-59.6 (y)-293.4 (Contr)-29.6 (ibution)-293.4 (of)-293.4 (Working)-293.4 (Group)-293.4 (II)-293.4 (to)-293.4 (the)]TJ proof:pdf 7.7014 0 Td -30.1463 -1.2386 Td Adobe InDesign CC (Macintosh) Aquaculture Technical Paper No. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) estimates that 35 per cent of bird species, 52 per cent ... Impact of Climate Change on Species Acidification of the oceans Rise in sea level Retreat of glaciers Extreme events: floods, drought, storms, fires, etc. -30.1783 -1.2143 Td -13.2041 -1.2386 Td [(60:539)-89.7 (\226550. endstream (308:1772\2261774. [(Supply)-384.7 (and)-384.7 (Demand)-384.7 (in)-384.7 (Changing)-384.7 (Global)-384.7 (Markets)]TJ -1.6883 -1.2143 Td -26.6602 -1.2143 Td [(\(Cent)-183.8 (for)-183.8 (Intl)-183.8 (Clim)-183.8 (Env)-39.7 (iron)-183.8 (Re)19.9 (s,)-183.8 (Oslo\). 1.6883 -1.2143 Td )]TJ 10.9746 0 Td Climate change will add to the burden fish stocks bear, but such impacts remain largely unknown. (10.1073)Tj /T1_0 1 Tf )Tj /T1_1 1 Tf 6Impacts of climate change on fisheries and aquaculture Primary production forecasts are highly uncertain for both marine and freshwater systems, because primary production is an integrator of changes in light, temperature and nutrients. )-423.6 (Ottersen)-242.3 (G,)-242.3 (Hjer)-29.6 (mann)-242.3 (D\330,)-242.3 (and)-242.3 (Stenset)-242.3 (NC)-242.3 (\(2006\))]TJ Some fisher-men and fishing communities have begun to apply adaptive measures but in the future they may have to make bigger changes in the way they do business. /T1_0 1 Tf /T1_1 1 Tf 6.5115 0 Td Nigeria is a coastal states with growing contribution of inland aquaculture to national development and individual livelihood; thus on the /T1_1 1 Tf /T1_1 1 Tf )Tj xmp.did:d3f8aebf-acfa-4f53-88ec-459930a50e37 )-423.7 (Jenn)-29.6 (ings)-337.6 (S,)-337.6 (Brander)-337.6 (K)-337.6 (\(2007\))]TJ -15.0432 -1.2143 Td )-423.6 (Wor)-29.6 (m)-301.1 (B,)-301.1 (Barbier)-301.1 (EB,)-301.1 (Beaumont)-301.1 (N,)-301.1 (Duf)-29.6 (f)-29.6 (y)-301.1 (JE,)-301.1 (Folke)-301.1 (C,)-301.1 (Halpern)-301.1 (BS,)-301.1 (Jackson)]TJ /T1_0 1 Tf [(8. -1.1834 -1.2143 Td )-423.7 (Po)527.3 (\250)-22.3 (rtner)-337.6 (H-O,)-337.6 (K)-29.6 (nust)-337.6 (R)-337.6 (\(2007\))]TJ 9.75 0 0 6.5 75.7468 39.8835 Tm -4.2685 -1.2386 Td [(\(FAO,)-337.6 (Rome\). Climate change have been reported to have direct and indirect impacts on fisheries and aquaculture globally. 21.7462 0 Td 1.6883 -1.2386 Td According to the 2019 Canada’s Changing Climate Report, written by scientists from Environment and Climate Change Canada, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, and Natural Resources Canada, the impacts of climate change on Atlantic Canada will be diverse. -30.7925 -1.237 Td (308:1621\2261623. 46 0 obj It is likely that changing temperature and precipitation pattern will produce a strong direct impact on both natural and modified forests. -12.7877 -1.2386 Td 3.3014 0 Td [(Mar)-337.6 (Pollut)-337.6 (Bull)]TJ )-423.7 (Frank)-337.6 (KT,)-337.6 (Petrie)-337.6 (BD,)-337.6 (Choi)-337.6 (JS,)-337.6 (Leggett)-337.6 (WC)-337.6 (\(2005\))]TJ [-0.3 (\002)]TJ -25.2713 -1.2143 Td )Tj )Tj Present climate conditions are preferable for some species, but not for other species. )Tj 30.7925 0 Td -1.6883 -1.2143 Td 2014-06-05T15:37:44+01:00 /T1_4 1 Tf )-423.6 (Sheppard)-337.6 (CRC)-337.6 (\(2003\))]TJ Fisheries provide food and support livelihoods across the world. [(Adaptive)-574.7 (Capacit)-59.6 (y)-574.6 (to)-574.7 (Climate)-574.6 (Change:)-574.7 (Policies)-574.6 (to)-574.7 (Sustain)-574.7 (Livelihoods)-574.7 (and)]TJ -28.7523 -1.237 Td )]TJ (62:1327\2261337. [(P)-29.6 (roc)-290.2 (R)-290.2 (Soc)-290.2 (London)-290.2 (Ser)]TJ (Nature)Tj /T1_1 1 Tf /T1_0 1 Tf endobj /T1_1 1 Tf It is likely that changing temperature and precipitation pattern will produce a strong direct impact on both natural and modified forests. /T1_0 1 Tf [(32. [(6. )Tj [(J)-337.6 (Mar)-337.6 (Syst)]TJ (444:752\226755. Impacts of climate change differ significantly among the sectors discussed (agriculture, fisheries and non-commercial food supply), but common challenges did emerge, including threats to food supply from increased losses from invasive pests and diseases, and risks to the transportation systems upon 27.2835 0 Td /T1_0 1 Tf 1.6883 -1.2143 Td /T1_0 1 Tf 466 Impacts of climate change on fisheries and aquaculture 21.1 INTRODUCTION Climate change brings about both challenges and opportunities for global food systems and those engaged in them. /T1_0 1 Tf -27.4865 -1.2143 Td -1.6883 -1.2143 Td (29:23\22632. 3.1329 0 Td 3.1228 0 Td /T1_0 1 Tf -14.7112 -1.237 Td [(Fish)-242.3 (Oceanog)-29.6 (r)]TJ This report thus focuses specifically on the likely impact of climate change on the trade and [(Limnol)-337.6 (Oceanog)-29.6 (r)]TJ )-423.7 (O\222Reilly)-448.8 (CM,)-448.8 (A)-29.6 (lin)-448.8 (SR,)-448.8 (Plisn)-29.6 (ier)-448.8 (PD,)-448.8 (Cohen)-448.9 (AS,)-448.8 (McKee)-448.8 (BA)-448.9 (\(2004\))]TJ [(ICES)-363.2 (Repor)-29.6 (t)-363.2 (on)]TJ Climate Change Impact on Forests Effects of Temperature, Precipitation, and CO 2 Concentration Change. Monitoring of over 10 000 populations of vertebrates (mammals, birds, fish, reptiles and amphibians) has found that these populations have declined by 52 per cent between 1970 and 2010. However, there is strong global evidence for these effects. endobj /T1_1 1 Tf )-423.7 (Pauly)-337.6 (D,)-337.6 (Christensen)-337.6 (V)-337.6 (\(1995\))]TJ Direct effects act on physiology and behaviour and alter growth, reproductive capacity, mortality and distribution. /T1_3 1 Tf PDF/X-1a:2001 uuid:5dae4d78-048b-7f41-803d-67170dbd4668 32.483 0 Td [(40. )-423.6 (Food)-314.5 (and)-314.5 (Ag)-19.9 (riculture)-314.5 (Organ)-29.6 (ization)-314.5 (of)-314.5 (the)-314.5 (Un)-29.6 (ited)-314.5 (Nations,)-314.5 (Fisherie)19.9 (s)-314.5 (Depart-)]TJ The full relationship between fisheries and climate change is difficult to explore due to the context of each fishery and the many pathways that climate change affects. /T1_0 1 Tf )]TJ )-423.6 (Grandc)-29.6 (ourt)-337.6 (EM,)-337.6 (Ce)19.9 (sar)-337.6 (HSJ)-337.6 (\(2003\))]TJ Climate change remains a major global challenge for humanity. T* [(434:628)-89.7 (\226)-89.7 (633. /T1_0 1 Tf endobj 3.2019 0 Td [(7. [(Var)-29.6 (iabilit)-59.6 (y)-323.4 (in)-323.4 (the)-323.4 (ICES)-323.4 (Area,)-323.4 (1990)-89.7 (\2261999)]TJ -15.0784 -1.237 Td 13.4223 0 Td [(51. -13.7748 -1.237 Td 1.6883 -1.2143 Td John K. Pinnegar, Paul Buckley, Georg H. Engelhard, Impacts of Climate Change in the United Kingdom and Ireland, Climate Change Impacts on Fisheries and … -25.8322 -1.2143 Td (Science)Tj 25.8023 0 Td /T1_1 1 Tf -1.6883 -1.2143 Td Given the importance of understanding the range of potential climate change effects on aquatic assets, it is [(XI)-59.6 (V:1\22675. -27.165 -1.2143 Td In-direct effects alter the productivity, structure, and composition -19.3275 -1.2143 Td -1.6883 -1.2143 Td )]TJ 2.431 0 Td (315:95\22697. /T1_1 1 Tf [(Fish)-337.6 (Oceanog)-29.6 (r)]TJ )]TJ 1.6883 -1.237 Td )-423.7 (Koster)-227.7 (FW,)-227.7 (Mollmann)-227.7 (C,)-227.7 (Hinrichsen)-227.7 (HH,)-227.7 (Wieland)-227.7 (K,)-227.7 (Tomk)-29.6 (iew)-39.7 (icz)-227.7 (J,)-227.7 (K)-29.6 (raus)-227.7 (G,)]TJ 14.8924 0 Td dc:title Adobe InDesign CC (Macintosh) /T1_0 1 Tf / -18.2356 -1.2143 Td )-423.7 (Delgado)-196.8 (CL,)-196.8 (Wada)-196.8 (N,)-196.8 (Roseg)-19.9 (rant)-196.8 (MW,)-196.8 (Meijer)-196.8 (S,)-196.8 (Ahmed)-196.8 (M)-196.8 (\(2003\))]TJ /T1_0 1 Tf )]TJ )-423.7 (Feely)-364 (R)-59.6 (A,)-364 (Sabine)-364 (CL,)-364 (Lee)-364 (K,)-364 (Berelson)-364 (W,)-364 (K)-29.6 (leypas)-364 (J,)-364 (Fabr)-59.6 (y)-364 (VJ,)-364 (Millero)-364 (FJ)]TJ [(425:294)-89.7 (\226297. IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON FISHERIES AND LIVESTOCK A primary impact of climate change will be frequent cyclonic events, inland and coastal flooding, low flows of water and droughts, salinity intrusion, changes of the river bed level due to sedimentation and changes in morphological processes. The linkage between climate change and sustainable development is well documented. (Nature)Tj )-423.6 (Reynolds)-290.2 (J,)-290.2 (Dulv)-29.6 (y)-290.2 (N,)-290.2 (Goodw)-39.8 (in)-290.2 (N,)-290.2 (Hutchings)-290.2 (J)-290.2 (\(2005\))]TJ /T1_1 1 Tf [(NAGA:)-337.6 (WorldFish)-337.6 (Cent)-337.6 (Q)]TJ 8.788 0 Td uuid:2fc36a85-1dd2-11b2-0a00-900000000000 A landmark publication devoted exclusively to how climate change is affecting and is likely to affect commercially vital fisheries and aquaculture operations globally,Climate Change Impacts on Fisheries and Aquacultureprovides scientists and fishery managers with a summary of and reference point for information on the subject which has been gathered thus far. Rising ocean temperatures and ocean acidification are radically altering marine aquatic ecosystems, while freshwater ecosystems are being impacted by changes in water temperature, water flow, and fish habitat loss. The combination of climate-related impacts on the stock and lower projected numbers of adult and juvenile cod lead to a dramatic cut to catch limits with hopes that the fishery would recover. 14 0 obj -31.1152 -1.237 Td 1 0 obj <>]/Pages 3 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 2 0 obj <>stream 26.7017 0 Td [(24. -4.8902 -1.2143 Td [(53. [(Tech)-337.6 (Rept)-337.6 (No)-337.6 (62. )]TJ The Strategy identifies seven objectives that will provide decision-makers with the information they need to reduce impacts and increase resilience in a changing climate. ���� JFIF � � ��.Exif MM * b j( 1 r2 ��i � � � � Adobe Photoshop 7.0 2004:09:28 15:23:20 � � &� _ ( & H H ��TPhotoshop 3.0 8BIM% 8BIM� x H H d dg(� H H �( d � h � 8BIM� � � 8BIM&. -13.9961 -1.237 Td -30.0837 -1.2143 Td -15.713 -1.2386 Td 9.8556 0 Td endobj [(23. [(42. [0.1 (,)-337.6 (in)-337.7 (pre)19.9 (ss. (Science)Tj -30.5259 -1.2143 Td /T1_1 1 Tf BT [(12. )Tj )-423.6 (Hofmann)-337.6 (E,)-337.6 (Ford)-337.6 (S,)-337.6 (Powell)-337.6 (E,)-337.6 (K)-29.6 (linck)-337.6 (J)-337.6 (\(2001\))]TJ )-423.7 (K)-29.6 (ing)-467.1 (JR,)-467.1 (ed)-467.1 (\(2005\))]TJ 6.6775 0 Td The first chapter “Impacts of climate change on fish communities and foodwebs of Great Lakes, )]TJ This important publication synthe-sises the latest knowledge on the impacts of climate change on the fisheries and aquaculture sector worldwide, high- 0 g )-423.7 (Behrenfeld)-543.4 (MJ,)-543.4 (O\222Malley)-543.4 (RTO,)-543.4 (Siegel)-543.4 (DA,)-543.4 (McClain)-543.4 (CR,)-543.4 (Sar)-29.6 (miento)-543.4 (JL,)]TJ Adobe PDF Library 11.0 24.2845 0 Td 15.478 0 Td 134 0 obj The caus­ ative factors of climate change are the greenhouse gases, viz., carbon dioxide, methane, ozone and nitrous oxide. [(28. )]TJ -29.8115 -1.2143 Td [(Global)-337.6 (Change)-337.6 (Biol)]TJ /T1_3 1 Tf The NOAA Fisheries Climate Science Strategy (PDF, 13 pages) is part of a proactive approach to increase the production, delivery, and use of climate-related information in fulfilling NOAA Fisheries’ mandates. /T1_1 1 Tf Climate change is modifying fish distribution and the pr -1.6883 -1.237 Td 3.2019 0 Td /T1_0 1 Tf 4.2685 0 Td -18.5613 -1.237 Td (B)Tj paring for “climate ready” fisheries manage-ment, though regulatory options for climate change adaptation are limited. (35:1593\2261604. Ocean and Fisheries Economics . /T1_5 1 Tf However, taking human responses into account shifts our view of climate change and the world’s oceans. [(Fish)-337.6 (Sci)]TJ /T1_0 1 Tf )]TJ [(\(Cambridge)-510.1 (Un)-29.6 (iv)]TJ [(P)-29.6 (rog)-337.6 (Oceanog)-29.6 (r)]TJ 2.289 0 Td [(18. /T1_1 1 Tf 70 0 obj )]TJ �4[��D‚R�g�������!ـ��zP������h)��hf��Q�֕nB�@���mh%��$�p����J٦����`8���8R- z@ԊYK��{��&֊�mU�%V��zr���PFh�%�L�%F;Yu�h��0�! )-423.6 (Berkeley)-337.6 (SA,)-337.6 (Hixon)-337.6 (M)-29.6 (A,)-337.6 (L)-29.6 (arson)-337.6 (RJ,)-337.6 (L)-29.6 (ove)-337.6 (MS)-337.6 (\(2004\))]TJ (19714)Tj [(et)-256.5 (al)-29.6 (. [(BC,)-337.6 (Canada\). application/pdf /T1_0 1 Tf )]TJ endobj [(Fish)-196.8 (to)-196.8 (2020:)]TJ )-423.7 (Schr)-29.6 (um)-337.7 (C)-337.6 (\(2001\))]TJ [(12:483\226)-89.7 (494. 20 0 obj <> They are also under extreme pressure, with many stocks overfished and poorly managed. Sea ice will become thinner and form for much shorter periods of the year. [(29. H��Wko���_�����&/ߋ ��h��F@?d�B+˶KJ,9n�}/g$�$k4��A�q�A:z|�]���e�3a8ɴ׀V3�8p��&�������xr���v��[�޼{�z�zڂwȄ�eZZ@/��J�0�_l��u��6G��D�J���"�:�@ [(15:230)-89.7 (\226243. False (Science)Tj 1.1834 -1.2143 Td 17.4661 0 Td 7.0543 0 Td As noted by FAO (2008), climate change impact is expected to cut across ecosystems, societies and economics, livelihoods and food supplies and the West and Central African Countries are most vulnerable due to ecological and social factors (WorldFish Centre, 2007). )]TJ )-423.6 (Friedland)-256.5 (KD,)-256.5 (Reddin)-256.5 (DG,)-256.5 (McMenemy)-256.5 (JR,)-256.5 (Drinkwater)-256.5 (KF)-256.5 (\(2003\))]TJ [(9. )-423.6 (Reynolds)-263.4 (JD,)-263.4 (Webb)-263.4 (TJ,)-263.4 (Hawk)-29.6 (ins)-263.4 (LA)-263.4 (\(2005\))]TJ and life as a result of climate change Concerted global action is needed to enable developing countries to adapt to the effects of climate change that are happening now and will worsen in the future. Q (\(2006\))Tj (2000:04. [(Mar)-29.6 (ine)-329.1 (Aquaculture)-329.1 (in)-329.1 (the)-329.1 (United)]TJ -26.7505 -1.2143 Td Keywords Climate change Freshwater Fisheries Physiology Socioeconomic A. D. Ficke (&) C. A. Myrick Department of Fish, Wildlife, & Conservation Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1474, USA e-mail: adficke@freshwaterfisheries.com L. J. Hansen WWF Climate Change Program, 1250 24th Street NW, Washington, DC 20037, USA 123 <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/TrimBox[9 9 603 792]/Type/Page>> 3.4708 0 Td 16.0804 63.1429 Td )]TJ (Science)Tj )]TJ /T1_0 1 Tf Drivers include rising water temperature, rising levels of carbon dioxide (CO 2) uptake from the atmosphere and hypoxia (inadequate oxygen). 32.2126 0 Td Climate change is directly affecting the fisheries and aquaculture sector by modulation of physiology, behavior, distribution and migration pattern, reproductive capacity and mortality. 5.6791 0 Td [(Biol)-337.6 (Med)]TJ [(11. )Tj /T1_1 1 Tf )-423.6 (Drinkwater)-337.6 (KF)-337.6 (\(2005\))]TJ [(Hofmann)-327.5 (EE,)-327.5 (Lipp)-327.5 (EK,)-327.5 (Osterhaus)-327.5 (AD,)-327.5 (Overstreet)-327.5 (RM,)]TJ )]TJ /T1_1 1 Tf [(Global)-256.5 (Biogeochem)-256.5 (Cycles)]TJ [(et)-327.5 (al)-29.6 (. 30.8857 0 Td [(36. /T1_0 1 Tf [(Can)-337.6 (J)-337.6 (Fish)-337.6 (Aquat)-337.6 (Sci)]TJ [(Washington,)-509.3 (DC/WorldFish)-509.3 (Center,)-509.3 (Penang,)-509.3 (Malaysia\). Climate change and acidification are altering ocean ecosystems in profound ways, with consequent impacts on fisheries and aquaculture. /T1_0 1 Tf /T1_0 1 Tf ET [(30. [(et)-506.1 (al)-29.6 (. Without addressing climate change, sustainable development in SIDS cannot be /T1_0 1 Tf 0.0049 Tc 7 0 0 7 55.392 735.8835 Tm (314:787\226790. 19.7976 0 Td 14.476 0 Td 1 The potential impact of climate change on temperature related mortality 90 Natural disasters 90 Trends in weather disasters 91 The health impacts of disasters 92 Conclusions 95 References 96 Chapter 6. (cgi)Tj 6.9614 0 Td [(49. )-423.6 (Diederich)-278 (S,)-278 (Nehls)-278 (G,)-278 (van)-278 (Beusek)-29.6 (om)-278 (JEE,)-278 (Reise)-278 (K)-278 (\(2005\))]TJ This study provides an assessment of the potential impacts on, and the vulnerability of, marine biodiversity and fisheries catches in the Arabian Gulf under climate change. )-423.7 (Food)-314.5 (and)-314.5 (Ag)-19.9 (riculture)-314.5 (Organ)-29.6 (ization)-314.5 (of)-314.5 (the)-314.5 (Un)-29.6 (ited)-314.5 (Nations,)-314.5 (Fisherie)19.9 (s)-314.5 (Depart-)]TJ [(New)-426.5 (Approaches)-426.5 (for)-426.5 (the)-426.5 (Improvement)-426.5 (of)-426.5 (Inland)]TJ dc:creator )-423.7 (Sano)-337.6 (M)-337.6 (\(2004\))]TJ (18:GB3003. )-337.6 (PICES)-337.6 (Scientific)-337.6 (Report)-337.6 (No)-337.6 (28. [(et)-337.6 (al)-29.6 (. [(ment)-337.6 (\(2002\))]TJ carried out an assessment of climate change vulnerability of the fisheries sector at the national level across 173 countries, based on 35 indicators across the components of exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. 19.7976 0 Td 28.4388 0 Td [(37. endstream endobj 3 0 obj <> endobj 6 0 obj <> endobj 7 0 obj <> endobj 8 0 obj <> endobj 19 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/Properties<>>>/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 20 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/Properties<>/XObject<>>>/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 21 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/XObject<>>>/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 22 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 23 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 24 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/Properties<>>>/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 52 0 obj <>stream It has been estimated that ecosystem services of the east coast of India will reduce by 25% in 25 years, resulting in cumulative loss of US$17 billion. [0.3 (,)-323.4 (eds)-323.4 (Turrell)-323.4 (W,)-323.4 (L)-29.6 (av)-39.8 (in)-323.4 (A,)-323.4 (Drinkwater)]TJ Prior projections that climate change could reduce global fisheries revenues by as much as $10 billion a year compared to today garnered significant attention . /T1_1 1 Tf [(57. [(45. Coastal Social–Ecological Systems (SESs) are subject to several stresses, including climate change, that challenge fisheries and natural resource management. … /T1_1 1 Tf /T1_0 1 Tf in Ontario is needed. Climate change impact on pacific Islands .pdf. [(39. On fish stocks that are exploited commercially will produce a strong direct on... -1.1834 -1.2143 Td [ ( 54 a strong direct impact on Forests effects of Temperature, precipitation, distribution... Increase, as is precipitation in some areas has both direct and indirect im-pacts on fish stocks that exploited! Retreat of glaciers Extreme events: floods, drought, storms, fires,.. 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