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battle of crete casualties

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The Luftwaffe lost more than 350 aircraft. Naval History Homepage list during the period of 20 May to 2 June, 4 CAs, 8 DDs, 1 Sloop (Grimsby Class) , 1 Motor launch , 2 LCs and 5 PTs as sunk; total 21 ships sunk. They were helped, at great personal risk, by the Cretan people. The Battle of Crete (German: Luftlandeschlacht um Kreta; Greek: Μάχη της Κρήτης) was a battle during World War II on the Greek island of Crete.It began on the morning of 20 May 1941, when Nazi Germany launched an airborne invasion of Crete under the code-name Unternehmen Merkur ("Operation Mercury"). Greek and other Allied forces, along with Cretan civilians, defended the island. The Luftwaffe also lost heavily in the battle; 220 aircraft were destroyed outright and another 64 were written off due to damage, for a total of 284 aircraft lost, with several hundred more damaged to varying degrees. The first to fall was Count Leberecht von Blücher, who was attempting to resupply his brother, Lieutenant Wolfgang von Blücher, with ammunition when the latter and his platoon were surrounded by members of the Black Watch. Davin concludes that this total would have included a sizeable number of deaths during the German occupation due to sickness, accidents or fighting with partisan forces. By 1 June the effective Mediterranean strength of the Royal Navy had been reduced to two battleships and three cruisers to oppose the four battleships and eleven cruisers of the Italian Navy. The Battle of Crete (German: Luftlandeschlacht um Kreta, also Unternehmen Merkur, "Operation Mercury", Greek: Μάχη της Κρήτης) was fought during the Second World War on the Greek island of Crete.It began on the morning of 20 May 1941, when Nazi Germany began an airborne invasion of Crete. During the battle of Crete Germans used 22,750 soldiers, 1370 airplanes, 70 gliders and 70 ships German casualties mounted quickly. More than 50 British and Australian warships were caught up in the maelstrom of Crete. The Battle of Rethymno, also commonly known as the Battle of Retimo, was a battle fought during World War II for control of Pigi airfield, near Rethymno (Greek script Ρέθυμνο) on the Greek island of Crete.It began on the morning of 20 May 1941, when Nazi Germany launched an airborne invasion of Crete under the codename Unternehmen Merkur ("Operation Mercury"). It began on the morning of 20 May 1941, when Nazi Germany launched an airborne invasion of Crete under the code-name Unternehmen Merkur (Operation Mercury). The Battle of Crete (German: Luftlandeschlacht um Kreta; Greek: Μάχη της Κρήτης) was a battle during World War II on the Greek island of Crete.It began on the morning of 20 May 1941, when Nazi Germany launched an airborne invasion of Crete under the code-name Unternehmen Merkur ("Operation Mercury"). German forces had surged into the Balkans, quickly defeating Yugoslavia and outflanking Greek border defences. During the battle of Crete the Maoris were well known to be deadly with bayonet and were one of the best hand-to-hand fighters amount the soldering in the battle. The Battle of Crete was a German victory but a costly one. By Pierre Kosmidis. Their trek over the mountains of Crete had been for nothing. The Battle of the Somme (1 July - 18 November 1916) was a joint operation between British and French forces intended to achieve a decisive victory over the Germans on the Western Front. Royal Navy shipborne AA claims for the period of 15–27 May amounted to: "Twenty enemy aircraft...shot down for certain, with 11 probables. The Battle of Crete took place on the Greek island of Crete. About 50 gliders landed in the dry riverbed, where resistance was less, however paratroopers landed to the South and East of Maleme and were largely destroyed by New Zealand forces that were in positions there In the initial landing, the Germans casualties were immense, one regiment lost 112 out of 126 men, and III battalion lost 400 out of 600 men on the first day. It began on the morning of 20 May 1941, when Nazi Germany launched an airborne invasion of Crete under the code-name Unternehmen Merkur (Operation Mercury). Others were not content to sit out the war in captivity. There was no food or drink and the Germans robbed us of watches and rings on the march to the POW camp. Greek and Allied forces, along with Cretan civilians, defended the island. The Battle of Crete (German: Luftlandeschlacht um Kreta; Greek: Μάχη της Κρήτης) was a battle during World War II on the Greek island of Crete.It began on the morning of 20 May 1941, when Nazi Germany launched an airborne invasion of Crete under the code-name Unternehmen Merkur ("Operation Mercury"). There were 671 New Zealanders among the dead, and 2180 Kiwi prisoners of war. Officers and non-commissioned officers went to Germany, while the rest ended up in camps in Austria and northern Yugoslavia (modern-day Slovenia). The Battle of Crete (German: Luftlandeschlacht um Kreta, also Unternehmen Merkur, 'Operation Mercury,' Greek: Μάχη της Κρήτης) was fought during the Second World War on the Greek island of Crete. Battle of Crete , World War 2 , Maleme 1941 . From here they were taken north by train. Message 1 - Battle of Crete Posted on: 13 August 2003 by Tom the Pom. It was nothing to see a hundred all lined up along the trench, and more waiting to get there. The Battle of Crete (German: Luftlandeschlacht um Kreta; Greek: Μάχη της Κρήτης) was a battle during World War II on the Greek island of Crete.It began on the morning of 20 May 1941, when Nazi Germany launched an airborne invasion of Crete under the code-name Unternehmen Merkur ("Operation Mercury"). Defensive units were waiting for the Germans, who suffered heavy casualties. 1834, Colenso arrives with a printing press, Home Among them were New Zealanders Staff Sergeant Tom Moir and Sergeant Dudley Perkins – escaped POWs who returned to Crete with the Special Operations Executive. We have 10 biographies, 16 articles, related to The Battle for Crete. Total casualties among Commonwealth forces were 15,743, of whom 1751 were killed or died of wounds. German losses were very heavy. Greek and Allied forces, along with Cretan civilians, defended the island. After the war, the Allied graves from the four burial grounds that had been established by the German forces were moved to Suda Bay War Cemetery. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PFWqUN1OhzA Obviously the Battle of Crete was not a British victory, and as far as I know, no-one calls it that. The Battle of Crete took place on the Greek island of Crete. While at anchor in Suda Bay, northern Crete, heavy cruiser HMS York (90) had been badly damaged by Italian explosive motor boats and beached on 26 March 1941. Because of the occupacion of Crete ( Kriti ) was considered an unrealistic military obsective , no significand defense preparationshad been made of the island . The 2nd New Zealand Division – part of a Commonwealth force hastily deployed to help the Greeks – was soon in the thick of the action. This total excludes the 8 Fliegerkorps as well as any casualties suffered by the Kriegsmarine in the aborted seaborne landings. The Germans ultimately prevailed on Crete but at great cost. However, Davin states in regard to the Battle of Crete: Reports of German casualties in British reports are in almost all cases exaggerated and are not accepted against the official contemporary German returns, prepared for normal purposes and not for propaganda. Crete, 1941: Germany's Lightning Airborne Assault; Find More Information on the Internet The cost of battle. Continues on Page 2. … Other escapees became involved in the guerilla war waged by Cretan resistance groups against the German–Italian occupation force. Many men took advantage of the relatively lax security at the transit camp near Galatas and took to the hills. It was dusty and dirty and there was only sandy ground, with a few tufts of grass. The Argylls landed on Crete a couple of days before the Germans decided to attack with Para Troopers. At least 15 aircraft appeared to have been damaged..."; from 28 May – 1 June, another two aircraft were claimed shot shot down and six more damaged, for a total of 22 claimed destroyed, 11 probably destroyed and 21 damaged, during the entire campaign. Allied PowersOfficial figuresBritish:791 dead268 wounded6,576 capturedAustralian:274 dead507 wounded3,079 capturedNew Zealand:671 dead967 wounded2,180 capturedGreek:Military:426 dead800–850 wounded5,255 capturedCivilian:3,000 deadRoyal Navy:1,828 dead183 wounded9 ships sunk and 18 damagedTotal:23,8303,990 dead2,750 wounded17,090 capturedAxis PowersOfficial German figures:2,124 dead1,917 missing, presumed dead4,041 total dead and missing2,640 wounded17 captur… … The Battle for Crete Greek and Allied forces, along with Cretan civilians, defended the island. Official casualty figures necessarily include estimates, and probably under-estimate the numbers involved. The Battle of Greece (also known as Operation Marita, German: Unternehmen Marita) is the common name for the invasion of Allied Greece by Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany in April 1941 during World War II.The Italian invasion in October 1940, which is usually known as the Greco-Italian War, was followed by the German invasion in April 1941. Recommended Book about the 1941 German assault on Crete. It highlights the final act of the German - Greek war . Greek and other Allied forces, along with Cretan civilians, defended the island. The battle took place at the Crête-à-Pierrot fort (in Haitian Creole Lakrèt-a-Pyewo), east of Saint-Marc on the valley of the Artibonite River.The French colonial army, consisting of 2,000 men led by General Charles Leclerc, blockaded the fort, which was defended by Jean-Jacques Dessalines's Haitian rebels, who included the soldier, Marie-Jeanne Lamartiniére, a woman dressed in men's clothing. The Crete campaign resulted in the capture of 3,102 Australian troops, the deaths of more than 6,000 civilians and Allied casualties totalling 15,335. The Germans ultimately prevailed on Crete but at great cost. Greek and Allied forces, along with Cretan civilians, defended the island. But British naval commanders believed they had accounted for thousands more when they sunk troop transports … Although Germany was able to capture the island and secure their oil fields in the East, the amount of casualties and equipment lost in the process was extreme. As a result, Germany did not continue their interest in airborne assaults. Read more about this topic:  Battle Of Crete, Operation Geronimo Strike III - See Also -. In naval operations around Crete the Royal Navy lost three cruisers, six destroyers and the lives of more than 2000 sailors. Music = Steve Jablonsky - We Have to GoYoutube Channel Steve Jablonsky = https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCkfU7GtZtI4ud3DNq1hJi0g Those captured on Crete were initially held at a transit camp near Galatas before being transported to mainland Greece. Everyone had dysentery. Battle of Crete , World War 2 , Maleme 1941 . Estimates of the exact losses vary greatly – there were around 4,000 German graves on Crete. For 12 days, with British, Australian and Greek troops and Cretan Page 3 – The battle: days 1-3. But British naval commanders believed they had accounted for thousands more when they sunk troop transports bringing men across by sea at the height of the battle. The Battle of Crete was the first occasion where Fallschirmjäger (German paratroops) were used en masse, the first mainly airborne invasion in military history, the first time the Allies made significant use of intelligence from decrypted German messages from the Enigma machine, and the first time German troops encountered mass resistance from a civilian population. It is estimated that out of an assault force of just over 22000 men, the Germans suffered over 6500 casualties, of … Outgunned and outnumbered, it was forced to conduct a fighting withdrawal south through Greece. Greek figures are not known, although the German Air Corps recorded taking 5255 Greek prisoners. Crete became a German target following their rapid occupation of the Greek mainland in April 1941. (2014). Jun 1, 2015 - My father who was with the NZ Army was taken prisoner of war in Crete...He spent four years as a POW in Stalag 8B Poland... See more ideas about Battle of crete, Crete, Prisoners of war. Davin has calculated an estimate of … Photo: Argus Newspaper Collection of Photographs/State Library of Victoria. Cretan civillians played a crucial role in the Battle for Crete accounting for a third of German casualties. Also prominent on this list is Major General Eugen Meindl, commander of Luftlande Sturmregiment and Group West in the assault, who was shot in the chest on 20 May and evacuated the following morning. Davin also notes that his estimate might exclude several hundred lightly wounded soldiers. The cost of the Battle for Crete was high for both sides. The Battle for Crete in May 1941 is the most dramatic battle in which New Zealand forces have participated. The Battle of Crete was the first occasion where Fallschirmjäger (German paratroops) were used en masse, the first mainly airborne invasion in military history, the first time the Allies made significant use of intelligence from decrypted German messages from the Enigma machine, and the first time German troops encountered mass resistance from a civilian population. For years afterward, Cretan villagers report seeing a ghostly rider galloping at night down a road near the spot where Leberecht was shot; yet until they were told the story of the von Blücher brothers, they had assumed that he was British. Though losing the Battle of Crete, the Allies went on to win the war. Page 7. Despite this, a breach was made in the defenses set up by the 14th Infantry Brigade, the 2/4th Australian Infantry Battalion and the Greek 3rd, 7th, and Garrison battalions. Maori troops line up on the quayside at Alexandria in Egypt following their evacuation from Crete. Signalman Peter Cosgrave, Divisional Signals, in M. Hutching (ed.) Other minor omissions are possible. Greek figures are not known, although the German Air Corps recorded taking 5255 Greek prisoners. Greek and Allied forces, along with Cretan civilians, defended the island Total casualties among Commonwealth forces were 15,743, of whom 1751 were killed or died of wounds. Casualties. We reached some caves at Sfakia and hid in these caves. Greek and Allied forces, along with Cretan civilians, defended the island. She was later wrecked by demolition charges and abandoned when Crete was evacuated in May. If you soiled your clothes, all you could do was go down to the beach and get in the tide. According to Davin, the only German prisoners evacuated to Egypt were 17 captured officers. A few made it to neutral Turkey via Greece or went directly to Egypt. To the southwest is the Sphakia (White) mountain range, which literally falls into the sea at certain points and make access to the area very difficult. ‘A unique sort of battle’: New Zealanders remember Crete, 2001, p. 199. Despite the enduring popularity of these rather fanciful estimates, the United States Army Center of Military History, citing a report of the Historical Branch of the British Cabinet Office, concludes military historians largely accept estimates of between 6,000 and 7,000 German casualties as correct. Greek and Allied forces, along with Cretan civilians, defended the island. All they had was a trench in the ground, dug in on the outside, the edge of the camp. German losses were very heavy. The island of Crete is just over 160 miles long and varies from seven to thirty-six miles in width. The campaign also cost the Royal Navy 9 ships sunk and 18 damaged. Prominent among the German dead were a trio of brothers, relatives of the Prussian general Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher of Waterloo fame. The Battle of Crete (German: Luftlandeschlacht um Kreta; Greek: Μάχη της Κρήτης) was a battle during World War II on the Greek island of Crete.It began on the morning of 20 May 1941, when Nazi Germany launched an airborne invasion of Crete under the code-name Unternehmen Merkur ("Operation Mercury"). © IWM (E 3373) Crete was a humiliating defeat for the British. Greek forces and other Allied forces, along with Cretan civilians, defended the island. The Luftwaffe lost more than 350 aircraft. During the last week of April more than 50,000 Allied troops … The Battle for Crete, updated 5-Aug-2014. More than 6000 Germans were killed or wounded. Battle of Crete: The end of German large scale airborne ops, the casualties and the Pyrrhic victory of the nazis WW2 in Greece. About 23000 Allied casualties (1500 dead and 21500 POW) – About 5000 Dead German troops – The end of the paratroopers’ days. Many villagers were executed for the part they played in the battle and for helping the Allied soldiers left behind after the evacuation. The Battle for Crete in May 1941 is the most dramatic battle in which New Zealand forces have participated. Meet the NZHistory.net.nz team. Second World War Leading this list is Major General Wilhelm Süssman, commander of the 7th Flieger Division and Group Centre in the assault, who died when his glider detached and crashed in an accident on 20 May whilst en route to Crete. Estimates of the exact losses vary greatly – there were around 4,000 German graves on Crete. Then one of the officers told us to pile up our weapons and wait for the Germans – we were aghast, and cursed all and sundry. Air Corps recorded taking 5255 greek prisoners a very contentious Battle for Crete in May 1941, when Germany! 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